Black Pepper (piper nigrum) has a warm stimulating effect, dilates blood vessels locally, thus making it very useful for muscular aches and pains, neuralgia, arthritis, rheumatism, stiffness, sprains, poor circulation, and as an aid for digestion.
To relieve stiff muscles, add 2 drops Black Pepper, 4 drops Rosemary and 6 drops Lavender Super to 20ml carrier oil and apply to affected areas. Use less concentration for the elderly.
Safety: Irritant in high concentration. Use in low doses and in moderation.